Enacted on July 2, 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and public facilities such as hotels, restaurants, theaters and retail stores (known as "public accommodations"). Learn more about The Civil Rights Act of 1964.
In 1960, at the age of 43, John Fitzgerald Kennedy became the 35th President of the United States. His brief time in office was marked by world-changing events: the Laos Crisis, the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis, the creation of USAID and the Peace Corps, and the decision to go to the moon. November 22, 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Kennedy's assassination. Learn more about JFK's life and times.In the early hours of December 7, 1941, Japan launched a major carrier-based air strike on Pearl Harbor Naval Base. Approximately 200 Japanese aircraft in two waves conducted the raid which lasted just over two hours. American opposition to the war vanished after the attack and the country found itself at war in the Pacific. Four days after Pearl Harbor, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, drawing it into a second theater. Learn more about Pearl Harbor and War in the Pacific.